Prompt Engineering

What is Prompt Engineering?

Prompt engineering or prompt programming is an interesting way to interact with GPT-3. It basically involves creating clever text-based scripts that make GPT-3 perform the tasks you desire.

What is GPT3?

GPT-3 is a language model by OpenAI. It generates AI-written text which can be virtually indistinguishable to human-written sentences and paragraphs, articles, short stories dialogues, lyrics, and many other things.

OpenAI trained GPT-3 to analyze a large corpus of text, more than 175 billion parameters. This made it the largest ever language model built. In non-technical terms, it was shown how millions of people write. It also taught how to create patterns based upon user input which is as simple as entering some information. The model will then generate intelligent text according to the submitted pattern.

Programming through dialogue?

GPT-3 is a huge model, both in terms of data and power. Therefore, it has a qualitatively different behavior. Unlike other models, if you want to do a new task, it won’t require retraining with additional data.

Instead, you interact with the model, using natural language descriptions, requests, examples and other means to communicate any task. Once the prompt has been adjusted until it understands, the system meta-learns the task based upon the high-level abstractions that it received from pretraining. This kind of “Prompt Programming” is less like regular programming and more like an coaching exercise. Actually, is has similarities to coach athletes: you tell them what they should do and hopefully you’ll get the result you want. And just like in sports, you won’t always get the desired result from GPT-3.

Because the way you interact with GPT-3 is through a prompt, you have to follow a different approach and it also kind of “feels” totally differt. With traditional software that you implement for customers, you have to think things through first. Otherwise it won’t work. With deep learning software, your focus is on providing data that in some way represents the correct answer. However, with GPT-3, it’s all about how to describe what you want. In a way, it’s helping to anthropomorphize GPT-3: just like with people, sometimes you get the right answer by just asking the right question in the right format.

One example of GPT-3 capabilities is the emoji transformation. Here, GPT-3 is given a few examples of how to represent film titels as emojis:

Back to Future: πŸ‘¨πŸ‘΄πŸš—πŸ•’

Batman: πŸ€΅πŸ¦‡

Transformers: πŸš—πŸ€–

Wonder Woman: πŸ‘ΈπŸ»πŸ‘ΈπŸΌπŸ‘ΈπŸ½πŸ‘ΈπŸΎπŸ‘ΈπŸΏ

Winnie the Pooh: 🐻🐼🐻

The Godfather: πŸ‘¨πŸ‘©πŸ‘§πŸ•΅πŸ»β€β™‚οΈπŸ‘²πŸ’₯

Game of Thrones: πŸΉπŸ—‘πŸ—‘πŸΉ

When entered It will give you this result:

SpiderMan: πŸ•·οΈπŸ•·οΈ

The Avengers: πŸ‘¨πŸ»πŸ‘¨πŸ½πŸ‘¨πŸΌπŸ‘¨πŸ½πŸ‘¨πŸΌβ€β™‚οΈ

While this is certainly a fun example that shows the capabilities of GPT-3, there are already a set of applications that you make use of. One example are chatbots for book recommendations:

Q: I like science fiction books like The Expanse. Can you recommend me 5 books that I should read?
A: The Expanse, James S. A. Corey;Β  The Hyperion Cantos, Dan Simmons; The Forever War, Joe Haldeman; The Moon is a Harsh Mistress, Robert A. Heinlein; The Hitchhiker‘s Guide to the Galaxy, Douglas Adams
Q: Can you give me a short summary of theThe Forever War“?
A: The Forever War is about a soldier that is fighting a war against an alien species called the Taurans. The Taurans, who live on a planet that faces the other side of the sun, have a reverse day and night cycle and can see in the dark. Humans can‘t. The Taurans have the advantage of fighting in the dark and ambush the humans, who can‘t see them coming.
Q: What do critics say about theThe Forever War“?
A: Critics say that this book is a classic and that it is a mustread for those who are looking for a science fiction novel that will make them think.

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